How to Felt: Nuno Felting

One of my favorite felting techniques is Nuno felting.  I thought I'd take a little time to describe how Nuno felt is made, and the history of Nuno felting.

Nuno felting, also known as laminated felting, is the process of melding wool and another fabric, such as silk or cotton, together.  Nuno was popularized by Polly Stirling and Sachiko Kotaka, who wanted to create a lightweight summery version of felt.  The technique involves a lot less wool than regular felting.  During the process, the wool travels through the fabric and catches it, bunching up around where the wool is laid.  Here is a detailed photograph of a recently made nuno felted shawl:

Aqua-dream-detail.jpg
To nuno felt, you need to take silk or cotton and lay thin layers of wool on the fabric.  The fabric needs to be able to be breathed through.  The reason for this is that the wool will travel through almost any fabric, but, for it to be easily done, the fabric must be thin enough that the wool can pass through easily.

I'm working on creating a nuno felt kit as well as teaching classes on nuno felt.  My classes are available through Bead and Fiber, Worcester Art Museum and Boston Center for Adult Education.
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